What was the Journey to the Center of the Earth based on? Surely the theories of a hallow earth, or civilizations living within did not begin in fiction. And if that is what you were thinking, then you are right. One possible beginning to such beliefs could have been the Shadow of Scartaris, which came from Icelandic beliefs and traditions who would have been paying honors on this Ancient day in history past. It was said that the very TIP of the Shadow of Mount Scartaris had a secret door or entrance that led into the center of our Earth. And while many stories of such circulated, one of them was the fact that monsters lives within. Kind of interesting since Iceland just had an eruption, hu?
In Rome, offerings would have been given to the Goddess Fortuna on this day who happened to be one of the most beloved deities. Probably because everyone wanted heirs, good luck, and wealth. And who better to give that than a happy Goddess?
Maybe Rome learned from earlier cultures, but they sure reflected what was most important in life and in their own society through their festivals and who they chose to honor and of course, why.
Let today be no different, if we flipped the pages of history back to June 11th, which in Rome was known to be sacred to none other, than their Goddess Fortuna, who was patron of luck, women and fertility.
Another ritual done by Roman women on this day was celebrating, Matralia, which honored the Goddess Mater Matuta, who stood for dawn and rebirth. Women who had only married once, would go to her Temple located in the Forum Boarium and place a wreath by the Goddess’s statue. There, they could ask the Goddess for continual blessings and good health concerning the younger generations of their family for the year to come. After asking on behalf of nieces, nephews, younger cousins and siblings, they were then allowed to press the Goddess concerning their own children.
Fortuna is the Roman Goddess of luck. She was also patron women and fertility. So it’s no surprise that today (in Ancient History) Rome made sacred to her. She seems to be one of their favorites, so pops up quite a bit here and or there on their calendars.
However, today didn’t belong to Fortuna alone. Women of Rome would have also celebrated Matralia, honoring Mater Matula, a Goddess of both dawn and birth.
If women had been married once, and only once, would go to Mater Matula’s temple in the Forum Boarium and place a wreath upon the statue of the Goddess. They would ask the Goddess to foresee the health and protection of their nieces and nephews…as well as their own children.